Carbohydrate is an essential nutrient that is an excellent source
of energy (measured as calories) for the body and is the preferred fuel for the
brain and nervous system. All forms of carbohydrate increase a person's blood
sugar level, depending on the amount of carbohydrate in the food.
Carbohydrate comes in two forms: starch and sugar.
- Starch (complex carbohydrate) is found in foods
such as breads, cereals, grains, pasta, rice, flour, legumes, and
vegetables. Foods high in starch provide longer-lasting energy than simple carbohydrates.
- Sugar (simple carbohydrate) is found in foods such as
fruits, juices, milk, honey, desserts, and candy. Foods high in simple sugar provide quick energy.