Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q

Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Chromosome 4 Long Arm Deletion
  • Chromosome 4q- Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Interstitial Deletion of 4q, Included
  • Terminal Deletion of 4q, Included
  • Proximal Deletion of 4q, Included

General Discussion

Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q is a chromosomal disorder caused by a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 4. The patient may have an extremely prominent forehead (frontal bossing), enlargement of the back part of the head, low placement of ears, short broad hands and feet, unusually small size associated with slow or delayed growth, congenital heart defects, and possible mental retardation.

Symptoms

Patients with Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q may have the following symptoms: abnormal skull shape, short nose with abnormal bridge, low-set malformed ears, cleft palate, small jaw, short breastbone, poor or delayed growth, moderate to severe mental retardation, heart defects, defective urinary and reproductive organs (genitourinary defects), small size, small hands and feet, unusually wide-set eyes (hypertelorism), a pointed fifth finger and nail which is very characteristic of this disorder, and diminished muscle tone (hypotonia). There may be abnormal brain development (agenesis of corpus callosum). In some cases, delayed growth and mental retardation may be present without obvious physical abnormalities, making it difficult to diagnose this disorder.

Causes

Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q is caused by a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 4. The severity and type of abnormalities depend on the size and location of the missing chromosomal piece. Whether it is interstitial (situated between other parts of the chromosome) or terminal (on the end part of the chromosome) usually determines the symptoms and severity of the disorder.

Affected Populations

Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q is a rare disorder that is present at birth. It affects males and females in equal numbers.

Standard Therapies

For patients of Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q, special education, physical therapy, and vocational services may be of benefit. Genetic counseling may be of benefit for patients and their families. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.

Investigational Therapies

Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www.clinicaltrials.gov. All studies receiving U.S. government funding, and some supported by private industry, are posted on this government web site.



For information about clinical trials being conducted at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, MD, contact the NIH Patient Recruitment Office:



Tollfree: (800) 411-1222

TTY: (866) 411-1010

Email: prpl@cc.nih.gov



For information about clinical trials sponsored by private sources, contact:

www.centerwatch.com

References

Interstitial Deletion Of The Long Arm of Chromosome 4 [del(4)(q21.22q23)] and a Liver Tumor. K. Suwa et al., Am J Med Genet. (Jul 1998, 78 (3)). Pp. 291-93.



The 4q-Syndrome: Delineation of the Minimal Critical Region to Within Band 4g31. S. P. Robertson et al., Clin Genet. (Jan 1998, 53 (1)). Pp. 70-3.



Mild Phenotypic Manifestations of Terminal Deletion of the Long Arm of Chromosome 4: Clinical Description of a New Patient. A Caliebe et al., Clin Genet. (Aug 1997, 52 (2)). Pp. 116-19.

Terminal Deletion of the Long Arm of Chromosome 4 in a Mother and Two Sons. M. Descartes et al., Clin Genet. (Dec 1996, 50 (6)). Pp. 538-40.



Brief Clinical Report: Interstitial Deletion of the Long Arm of Chromosome 4, del(4)(q28-->q31.3). S. Copelli et al., (Jan 1995, 55 (1)). pp. 77-9.



Internal Medicine, 2nd Ed.: Jay H. Stein, ed.-in-chief; Little, Brown and Co., 1987. Pp. 1826.



Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation. 5th ed., K. L. Jones. W. B. Saunders Company. 1997, Pp. 42-43.

Resources

Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.

P.O. Box 724

Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724

USA

Tel: (561)395-4252

Fax: (561)395-4252

Email: info@chromodisorder.org

Internet: http://www.chromodisorder.org/CDO/



UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group

P.O. Box 2189

Caterham

Surrey, CR3 5GN

United Kingdom

Tel: 4401883330766

Fax: 4401883330766

Email: info@rarechromo.org

Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.® (NORD). Cigna members can access the complete report by logging into myCigna.com. For non-Cigna members, a copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html.

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