Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic
Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery (IDPA) is a rare congenital defect characterized by a wider than normal main pulmonary artery in the absence of any apparent anatomical or physiological cause.
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery commonly does not produce symptoms because there is no circulatory abnormality. Clinical signs are minimal, and usually consist of a palpable pulmonary ejection sound that disappears when the patient inhales, a soft pulmonary ejection systolic murmur (abnormal heart sound), and splitting of the second sound on breathing in. IDPA does not cause pulmonary valve disease, nor does bacterial endocarditis occur in patients with this condition. The electrocardiogram is normal, and diagnosis is made when chest X-rays reveal a dilated pulmonary artery without cardiac chamber enlargement.
The cause of idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery is unknown. A defect in the normal development of pulmonary artery elastic tissue before or after birth has been postulated. The dilatation may also be a consequence of a generalized connective tissue disease as it is occasionally found in Marfan's syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. (For more information on these disorders, choose "Marfan" and Ehlers-Danlos" as your search terms in the Rare Disease Database.
The incidence and prevalence of IDPA are not known. Because the disorder is benign in most instances, neither clinicians nor epidemiologists are able to measure the distribution of the disease with confidence.
Treatment for idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery is not required. People with this condition have a normal life expectancy, provided they have no cardiac lesions.
Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www.clinicaltrials.gov. All studies receiving U.S. government funding, and some supported by private industry, are posted on this government web site.
For information about clinical trials being conducted at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, MD, contact the NIH Patient Recruitment Office:
Tollfree: (800) 411-1222
TTY: (866) 411-1010
For information about clinical trials sponsored by private sources, contact:
Mesquita SM, Castro CR, Ikari NM, et al. Likelihood of left main coronary artery compression based on pulmonary trunk diameter in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Am J Med. 2004;116:369-74.
Ring NJ, Marshall AJ. Idiopathic dilation of the pulmonary artery. Br J Radiol. 2002;75:532-35.
Hoeffel JC. Idiopathic dilation of the pulmonary artery: report of four cases. Magn Reson Imaging 2001;19:761.
Ugolini P, Mousseaux E, Sadou Y, et al. Idiopathic dilation of the pulmonary artery: report of four cases. Magn Reson Imaging. 1999;17:933-37.
McLaughlin VV, Genthner DE, Panella MM, et al. Reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance with long-term epoprostenol (prostacyclin) therapy in primary pulmonary hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1998;338:273-77.
FROM THE INTERNET
Idiopathic dilation of the main pulmonary artery - nd. 1p.
American Lung Association
1301 Pennsylvania Ave NW
Washington, DC 20004
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.® (NORD). Cigna members can access the complete report by logging into myCigna.com. For non-Cigna members, a copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html.
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email email@example.com
Last Updated: 4/23/2008
Copyright 1986, 2004 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.