Ear Problems: Changes in Air Pressure

Ear Problems: Changes in Air Pressure

Topic Overview

Ear injuries can occur when air pressure outside the ear increases or decreases while the air pressure inside the ear remains the same. This might happen when an airplane changes altitude or when a scuba diver descends or ascends under water.

  • A gradual increase in air pressure outside the ear can cause a buildup of fluid in the space behind the eardrum ( otitis media with effusion ).
  • A sudden, dramatic increase in air pressure outside the ear can cause the eardrum to rupture .

Both of these types of injuries are know as barotrauma.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerWilliam H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerH. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine
Last RevisedJanuary 12, 2012

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use . How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.