The doctor may give your child epinephrine medicine to help open swollen
breathing tubes if your child has moderate to severe
Epinephrine is given through a
nebulizer. This process is called a breathing
One breathing treatment with epinephrine may be enough. But sometimes
children with croup symptoms need a second treatment. Or they may need a different medicine
to take later at home. Children will be watched in the doctor's office or
emergency department for several hours after a breathing treatment with
epinephrine. This is to make sure another treatment is not needed.
Roosevelt GE (2011). Acute inflammatory upper airway obstruction (croup, epiglottitis, laryngitis, and bacterial tracheitis). In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 19th ed., pp. 1445–1450. Philadelphia: Saunders.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics Specialist Medical ReviewerThomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics
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