Eye Exams for Adults

Eye Exams for Adults

Topic Overview

Use the guidelines below to schedule routine vision checks and eye exams with an ophthalmologist or optometrist .

If you know that you are not at risk for eye disease and you don't have signs of vision problems, have a complete eye exam to check for eye disease and vision problems: 1

  • Every 5 to 10 years if you are younger than 40.
  • Every 2 to 4 years if you are age 40 to 54. (Starting at age 40, presbyopia is likely to develop.)
  • Every 1 to 3 years if you are age 55 to 64.
  • Every 1 to 2 years if you are age 65 or older.

Your eye doctor may also suggest that you get exams more often just to check for refractive errors .

If you are at risk for or have signs of eye disease, you may need complete eye exams more often.

Eye diseases and refractive errors include:

For people who have diabetes , experts recommend a yearly eye exam.

For adults who are at risk for glaucoma, see these glaucoma screening recommendations .

After reviewing all of the research, the United States Preventive Services Task Force ( USPSTF ) concluded that more evidence is needed to find out if the pros outweigh the cons of routine visual acuity screening in older adults. 2

References

Citations

  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Comprehensive Adult Medical Eye Evaluation (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP_Content.aspx?cid=64e9df91-dd10-4317-8142-6a87eee7f517.
  2. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2009). Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Available online: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsviseld.htm.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerChristopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
Last RevisedJune 11, 2013

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