National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Wieacker Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Apraxia, Oculomotor, with Congenital Contractures and Muscle Atrophy
- Contractures of Feet, Muscle Atrophy, and Oculomotor Apraxia
- Wieacker-Wolff Syndrome
Related Disorders List
Information on the following diseases can be found in the Related Disorders section of this report:
Wieacker syndrome is a rare, slowly progressive, genetic disorder characterized by deformities of the joints of the feet (contracture), muscle degeneration (atrophy), mild mental retardation and an impaired ability to move certain muscles of the eyes, face and tongue. Wieacker syndrome is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait.
Symptoms of Wieacker syndrome include stiffening of the muscles and joints of the feet (contracture), slowly progressive atrophy of certain muscles of the legs and arms, and mild mental retardation. Other symptoms are impairment or inability to move the eyes despite the wish to do so, and impairment in the use of face and tongue muscles. In some cases, affected individuals may have droopy eyelids (ptosis), crossed eyes (strabismus), and farsightedness (hyperopia). Abnormal curvature of the spine may also occur (kyphoscoliosis). Wieacker syndrome affects males and is present at birth (congenital).
Wieacker syndrome is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait. The gene change (mutation) associated with this syndrome has been tracked to a site on the X chromosome (Xq13-q21).
Chromosomes, which are present in the nucleus of human cells, carry the genetic information for each individual. Human body cells normally have 46 chromosomes. Pairs of human chromosomes are numbered from 1 through 22 and the sex chromosomes are designated X and Y. Males have one X and one Y chromosome and females have two X chromosomes. Each chromosome has a short arm designated "p" and a long arm designated "q". Chromosomes are further sub-divided into many bands that are numbered. For example, "chromosome Xq13-q21" refers to a region on the long arm of the X chromosome between bands 13 and 21. The numbered bands specify the location of the thousands of genes that are present on each chromosome.
X-linked recessive genetic disorders, such as Wieacker syndrome, are conditions caused by an abnormal gene on the X chromosome. Females have two X chromosomes but one of the X chromosomes is "turned off" and all of the genes on that chromosome are inactivated. Females who have a disease gene present on one of their X chromosomes are carriers for that disorder. Carrier females usually do not display symptoms of the disorder because it is usually the X chromosome with the abnormal gene that is "turned off". A male has one X chromosome and if he inherits an X chromosome that contains a disease gene, he will develop the disease. Males with X-linked disorders pass the disease gene to all of their daughters, who will be carriers. A male cannot pass an X-linked gene to his sons because males always pass their Y chromosome instead of their X chromosome to male offspring. Female carriers of an X-linked disorder have a 25% chance with each pregnancy to have a carrier daughter like themselves, a 25% chance to have a non-carrier daughter, a 25% chance to have a son affected with the disease, and a 25% chance to have an unaffected son.
Wieacker syndrome is a remarkably rare genetic disorder present at birth, affecting males only. As of June 2003, it had been described in several generations of only one family.
Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Wieacker Syndrome. Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis:
Apraxia is a disorder of brain function characterized by the inability to perform learned movement on command, even though the command is understood and there is a willingness to perform the movement. The affected individual has the physical ability to move, but can not. Apraxia is caused by a lesion in the neural pathways of the brain that contain the learned patterns of movement. It is often a symptom of other neurological disorders. (For more information on this disorder, choose "Apraxia" as your search term in the Rare Disease Database.)
In some instances in the history of the family in which the syndrome was first described, the syndrome was present at birth.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The syndrome is little understood at this time
Physical therapy, surgery, speech therapy, and special education can be of benefit, especially if started as early as possible. Genetic counseling may be of benefit for the families of children with Wieacker syndrome.
Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www.clinicaltrials.gov. All studies receiving U.S. government funding, and some supported by private industry, are posted on this government website.
For information about clinical trials being conducted at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, contact the NIH Patient Recruitment Office:
Tollfree: (800) 411-1222
TTY: (866) 411-1010
For information about clinical trials sponsored by private sources, contact:
Wieacker PF. Wieacker-Wolff Syndrome. In: NORD Guide to Rare Disorders. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia, PA. 2003:638.
Kloos DU, Jakubiczka S, Wienker T, et al. Localization of the gene for Wieacker-Wolff syndrome in the pericentromeric region of the X chromosome. Hum Genet. 1997;100:426-430.
Wieacker P, Wolff G, Wienker TF, Close linkage of the Wieacker-Wolff syndrome to the DNA segment DXYS1 in proximal Xq. Am J Med Genet. 1987;28:245-53.
Wieacker P, Wolff G, Wienker TF, et al. A new X-linked syndrome with muscle atrophy, congenital contractures, and oculomotor apraxia. Am J Med Genet. 1985;20:597-606.
FROM THE INTERNET
McKusick VA, ed. Online Mendelian Inheritance In Man (OMIM). The Johns Hopkins University. Wieacker Syndrome. Entry Number; 314580: Last Edit Date;11/10/10. http://omim.org/entry/314580
Wiecker-Wolff syndrome. Orphanet. June, 2007. http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=en&Expert=3454
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
One AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.® (NORD). Cigna members can access the complete report by logging into myCigna.com. For non-Cigna members, a copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html.
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 1/5/2012
Copyright 1991, 1998, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.