Who Is Affected by Hepatitis B

Who Is Affected by Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is one of the most easily spread (contagious) forms of viral hepatitis , which include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.

  • About 38,000 new hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections occurred in the United States in 2009. 1
  • About 1.2 million Americans have long-term (chronic) hepatitis B, and many acquired their infection in childhood. 1
  • In the U.S., hepatitis B is most common in people ages 25 to 44. 1 People at greatest risk for HBV infection are those who inject illegal drugs, those who have more than one sex partner, and men who have sex with men. 2
  • Each year, about 3,000 people die in the U.S. from illnesses related to HBV infection. 1
  • Worldwide, chronic HBV infection is a major cause of chronic liver disease and liver cancer.

Citations

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Hepatitis B: Frequently asked questions for health professionals. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HBV/HBVfaq.htm.
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics (2006). Hepatitis B. In LK Pickering, ed., Red Book: 2006 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 27th ed., pp. 335–355. Elk Grove, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerW. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology
Last RevisedOctober 29, 2012

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