Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. In response to the use and possible future use of anthrax as a biological weapon, the following recommendations have been made:1, 2
The anthrax vaccination is given in a series of five injections over 18 months followed by annual boosters.
Potential side effects of the vaccine include fever, headache, joint pain, and fatigue. Pregnant women should be vaccinated only if absolutely necessary.
Check updated recommendations from the United States government on the website for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2000). Use of anthrax vaccine in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR, 49(RR-15): 1–20. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4915a1.htm.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Notice to readers: Use of anthrax vaccine in response to terrorism. Supplemental recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR, 51(45): 1024–1026. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5145a4.htm.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease|
|Last Revised||May 31, 2012|