Conditions With Symptoms Similar to Polymyalgia Rheumatica or Giant Cell Arteritis
A number of conditions have symptoms like those of
polymyalgia rheumatica or
giant cell arteritis.
Medical conditions affecting
joints and muscles that may cause symptoms like those caused by polymyalgia
- Rheumatoid arthritis, an
inflammation of the membranes or tissues lining the
joints. Symptoms include painful, swollen, and stiff
- Polymyositis, an inflammatory muscle disease. Symptoms
include muscle weakness, joint pain, trouble swallowing, fever, fatigue,
and weight loss.
- Spondyloarthropathy, diseases of the spinal
joints. Symptoms include pain, morning stiffness, and
Symptoms include widespread muscle and soft tissue pain and tenderness,
especially in the trunk, neck, and shoulders.
- Joint problems such as
tendinopathy. These problems usually happen in one
joint but sometimes can be on both sides of the body, such as in both
- Bursitis is an inflammation of a
bursa, a small sac of fluid that cushions and
lubricates areas where tissues rub against one another. Symptoms include pain
- Tendinopathy is an injury to a
tendon. Symptoms include pain and tenderness.
- Osteoarthritis. Symptoms include pain,
stiffness, and sometimes swelling.
Other medical conditions that may cause symptoms like those
caused by polymyalgia rheumatica include:
endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves.
Symptoms include fever, fatigue, weight loss, and painful joints.
- Cancer of the kidneys,
lymphatic system (lymphoma),
ovaries, or stomach, or cancer of the bone marrow
- Hypothyroidism, an underactive
thyroid gland. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, and
- Hyperparathyroidism, an overactive parathyroid gland. Hyperparathyroidism can increase the amount of calcium in the blood. Symptoms include constipation, nausea, and fatigue.
- Parkinson's disease, a brain disorder.
Symptoms include stiff muscles.
Giant cell arteritis
Medical conditions that cause
symptoms like those caused by giant cell arteritis include:
- Stroke, often caused by atherosclerosis. Symptoms can include:
- Sudden vision changes.
- Sudden numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
- Vision problems, such as macular degeneration or a detached retina. Symptoms can range from blurred vision to sudden blindness.
- Inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis) of the
central nervous system. Symptoms are similar to those
stroke, such as loss of vision, inability to use an
arm or a leg, or trouble speaking.
- Takayasu's arteritis, a disease that affects the
aorta and the arteries in the lung. Symptoms include
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Stanford M. Shoor, MD - Rheumatology|
|Last Revised||April 13, 2011|