Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the term for severe birth
defects caused by heavy alcohol use (5 or more drinks on at least one occasion)
Children with FAS may have:
- Distinctive facial features, which include a
small head, flat face, narrow eye openings (slits), a short upturned nose, a
flattened groove between the nose and the upper lip (philtrum), and a thin
- Low birth
weight and slowed growth.
- Central nervous system abnormalities, including small
head size, intellectual disability, poor fine motor skills, or poor eye-hand
- Behavior and thinking (cognitive) problems, which may
include poor attention, concentration, memory, and comprehension skills;
difficulty with math skills; hyperactivity; and extreme mood changes.
A child with FAS may also have birth defects that involve
the eyes, ears, heart, urinary tract, or bones.