- Cigna Medicare
- Individual & Family Plans
- International Plans
- Offered Cigna Through Work?
- Find a Doctor
- Informed on Reform
- Health and Wellness »
- Cigna Home Delivery Pharmacy
Congenital Lactic Acidosis
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
Lactate is a chemical compound normally produced by all cells and plays important roles in several chemical processes in the body. Lactic acidosis occurs when lactate and other molecules, called protons, accumulate in bodily tissues and fluids faster than the body can remove them. Consequently, tissues and fluids may become acidic and impair the normal functioning of cells. Lactic acidosis can have many different causes and is often present in severely ill patients hospitalized in intensive care units.
Congenital lactic acidosis is a rare form of lactic acidosis. The word "congenital" means that the underlying condition that increases risk of developing lactic acidosis is present at birth. In most cases, the cause of congenital lactic acidosis is due to a defect in an enzyme responsible for helping the body convert carbohydrates and fats into energy. Most of these enzymes are located in specialized structures within the cell called mitochondria. Therefore, most causes of congenital lactic acidosis are due to genetic mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies. These are either inherited from one or both parents or arise spontaneously in the developing embryo.
Lactic Acidosis Support Trust
1A Whitley Close
Cheshire, CW10 0NQ
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.® (NORD). Cigna members can access the complete report by logging into myCigna.com. For non-Cigna members, a copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html.
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 11/12/2009
Copyright 2009 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.