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Nearsightedness: Related Inherited Diseases
Most inherited eye diseases that can cause or be associated with nearsightedness are rare. Common inherited diseases include:
- Nyctalopia (night blindness).
- Achromatopsia (disease of the cones or rods in the retina).
- Nystagmus (rhythmic jerking movements of the eyes).
- Keratoconus (progressive thinning of the central cornea, which gives the cornea a cone-shaped appearance).
- Retinitis pigmentosa (degeneration of the retina that affects night vision and side [peripheral] vision).
- Infantile glaucoma.
Other genetic diseases associated with nearsightedness include:
- Certain rare connective tissue disorders.
- Albinism, a genetic pigment deficiency that causes milky skin, white hair, and pink or blue eyes.
- Down syndrome.
- Homocystinuria, a genetic condition that causes developmental delays, failure to thrive, and neurological abnormalities.
- Turner syndrome, which causes short stature and lack of sexual development at puberty in females.
- Trisomy 22, which causes severe intellectual disability and eye defects.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology|
|Last Revised||June 24, 2011|
|By:||Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: June 24, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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