Tardive dyskinesia causes a person to repeat the same movement over and over without being able to stop. This problem is caused by taking neuroleptic or antipsychotic medicines—used for mental health, nerve, and stomach problems—over a long period of time.
Symptoms are usually mild. The most common ones include sticking out the tongue, smacking the lips, or grimacing. These symptoms often go away after reducing or changing medicines.
Tardive dyskinesia is more common in adults who have been on higher doses of these medicines for a longer time. But this problem can develop in anyone taking these medicines.