Ir al menú principal Ir al contenido principal Ir al pie de página Para Medicare Para Proveedores Para Agentes Para Empleadores English Para individuos y familias: Para individuos y familias Médica Dental Otros seguros complementarios Explorar cobertura a través de tu empleador Cómo comprar seguros de salud Tipos de seguro dental Período de Inscripción Abierta vs. Período Especial de Inscripción Ver todos los temas Comprar planes de Medicare Guía para miembros Buscar un médico Ingresar a myCigna
Inicio Centro de información Biblioteca del bienestar Donating a Kidney

Donating a Kidney

Overview

Kidney transplantation is the best way known to save a person's life after the person develops kidney failure. In the past, kidneys were only taken from living close relatives or from people who had recently died. Transplants from living donors have a better chance of success than those from deceased donors. Also, in the United States some people wait more than 5 years for a cadaver kidney. footnote 1 For this reason, more people are choosing to become kidney donors.

A living donor needs to be:

  • In good general health.
  • Free from diseases that can damage the organs, such as diabetes, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or cancer.
  • At least 18 years old, in most cases.

What to know

  • You can donate to someone you know or to someone in need by donating to the national waiting list.
  • You need a number of medical tests before you can donate.
  • You don't pay for your medical costs.
  • All major religions allow organ donation. If you have questions about your religion's views on organ donation, talk to your faith leader.
  • Some organizations won't accept people with only one kidney. These include fire departments and branches of the military.
  • To learn more about kidney donation, contact the National Kidney Foundation, the American Association of Kidney Patients, or the United Network for Organ Sharing.

What tests are done before you become a donor?

After you decide to be a kidney donor, you will get a blood test called a cross-match. This test shows whether the recipient's body will immediately reject your donor organ.

Next you will be evaluated by a doctor, usually a nephrologist. The doctor will do a physical exam and ask about your past health. You will have a series of lab tests to screen for kidney function. These include a chemistry screen (blood test), urinalysis, and urine tests for protein. You may also have a CT scan of the kidneys to evaluate your kidneys, urinary tract, and other structures in your pelvis.

What are the risks of being a donor?

Removing a kidney from your body involves major surgery. There is a risk of complications from surgery, such as pain, infection, pneumonia, and bleeding.

A person can live with only one healthy kidney. But doctors are learning that donating a kidney may increase the chance of certain health problems in the years after the donation. More research is being done to better understand the long-term risks.

Donating a kidney doesn't affect a person's fertility. For example, it won't affect a woman's ability to become pregnant or a man's ability to impregnate a woman. But if a woman has donated a kidney, her risk for preeclampsia or high blood pressure during a pregnancy may be higher.

Donating an organ can affect you and your family. Many emotional issues are involved. There may be costs such as travel expenses and lost wages. And organ donation may affect your insurance coverage.

If you are thinking about donating a kidney, your medical team will help you understand the pros and cons so you can make the decision that's right for you.

How is the surgery done?

You will be given a general anesthetic before your surgery. Until recently, the removal of a kidney required an 8 in. (20 cm) to 9 in. (23 cm) incision on one side of the body (flank). Now, laparoscopy is usually used to remove the donor kidney. Advantages of laparoscopic kidney removal include less pain, shorter hospital stays, a more rapid return to normal activities, and a smaller, less noticeable scar.

What can you expect as you recover?

Donating a kidney won't limit what your body can do. After you recover, you will be able to do all of your normal activities. You can exercise and take part in sports.

References

References

Citations

  1. Hart A, et al. (2019). OPTN/SRTR 2017 annual data report: Kidney. American Journal of Transplantation, 19(Suppl 2): 19–23. DOI: 10.1111/ajt.15274. Accessed August, 16, 2019.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

© 1995-2022 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

Enlaces relacionados

Organ Transplant Kidney Transplant Chronic Kidney Disease

<cipublic-spinner variant="large"><span>Loading…</span></cipublic-spinner>

Page Footer

Quiero...

Obtener una tarjeta ID Presentar un reclamo Ver mis reclamos y EOB Verificar la cobertura de mi plan Ver la lista de medicamentos con receta Buscar un médico, dentista o centro dentro de la red Encontrar un formulario Encontrar información del formulario de impuestos 1095-B Ver el glosario de Cigna Contactar a Cigna

Audiencias

Individuos y Familias Medicare Empleadores Agentes Proveedores de cuidado de la salud

Sitios seguros para miembros

Portal myCigna para miembros Health Care Provider portal Cigna for Employers Client Resource Portal Cigna for Brokers

Información de la compañía Cigna

Acerca de Cigna Perfil de la compañía Empleos Sala de prensa Inversionistas Distribuidores Administradores externos Internacional Evernorth

 Cigna. Todos los derechos reservados.

Privacidad Información legal Divulgaciones de productos Nombres de la compañía Cigna Derechos de los clientes Accesibilidad Aviso sobre no discriminación [PDF] Asistencia idiomática [PDF] Reportar un fraude Mapa del sitio

Divulgaciones

Los planes de seguro médico y dentales, tanto individuales como familiares, están asegurados por Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company (CHLIC), Cigna HealthCare of Arizona, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of Illinois, Inc. y Cigna HealthCare of North Carolina, Inc. El seguro de salud de grupo y los planes de beneficios de salud están asegurados o administrados por CHLIC, Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (CGLIC) o sus afiliados (consulta la lista de entidades legales que aseguran o administran HMO grupal, HMO dental y otros productos o servicios en tu estado). Los planes o pólizas de seguro para lesiones accidentales, enfermedades críticas y cuidado hospitalario son distribuidos exclusivamente por o a través de subsidiarias operativas de Cigna Corporation, son administrados por Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company y están asegurados por (i) Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company (Bloomfield, CT), (ii) Life Insurance Company of North America (“LINA”) (Philadelphia, PA) o (iii) New York Life Group Insurance Company of NY (“NYLGICNY”) (New York, NY), anteriormente llamada Cigna Life Insurance Company of New York. El nombre Cigna, logotipo y otras marcas de Cigna son propiedad de Cigna Intellectual Property, Inc. LINA y NYLGICNY no son afiliadas de Cigna.

Todas las políticas de seguros y los planes de beneficios grupales contienen exclusiones y limitaciones. Para conocer la disponibilidad, costos y detalles completos de la cobertura, comunícate con un agente autorizado o con un representante de ventas de Cigna. Este sitio web no está dirigido a los residentes de New Mexico.

Al seleccionar estos enlaces, saldrás de Cigna.com hacia otro sitio web que podría ser un sitio web externo a Cigna. Es posible que Cigna no controle el contenido ni los enlaces de los sitios web externos a Cigna. Información detallada