The following tips can help you prevent the spread of the
hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Inform the people you live with and/or have sex
with about your illness as soon as possible. If you have long-term (chronic)
HBV infection, you can infect others with the virus even if you have no
symptoms of illness.
Do not donate blood or blood products,
semen, or eggs (ova).
Stop all sexual
activity or use latex condoms until your doctor has told
you that you can no longer give hepatitis B to others. People with chronic HBV
infection should always use condoms during any sexual activity.
not share your personal toiletry articles, such as razors, toothbrushes,
towels, or nail files, with anyone else.
Try to minimize chapped
skin by using a moisturizer. Chapping can lead to breaks in the skin, which can
expose others to your blood.
Advise your doctor, dentist, and
anyone else who may come in contact with your blood about your
If you are pregnant, tell the health professional who will
deliver your baby about your illness. Be sure your baby gets
hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and the first shot
hepatitis B vaccination(What is a
PDF document?) series within 12 hours after birth. Make sure
your baby gets the rest of the hepatitis B vaccine shots on schedule.
Children who have hepatitis B should be taught
not to bite or scratch others.
Clean or carefully dispose of your
clothing or other articles that become soiled with your
Clean toilet seats, countertops, floors, and other surfaces
that have your blood or any other body fluid (semen and
vaginal fluids, including menstrual blood) on them with a solution that is 1
part bleach to 10 parts water.
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