Your surgeon will recommend one or more types of
hysterectomy. (You may or may not have a choice,
depending on your condition.) An abdominal hysterectomy requires a larger
surgical cut (incision). A vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy uses small incisions.
Abdominal hysterectomy. Two types of surgical
cuts are used for this type of hysterectomy.
A midline incision is made from just below the
belly button straight down the belly to just above the pubic
A transverse incision (bikini line) is made just above
the pubic hairline.
Vaginal hysterectomy. With this type, the cuts made to remove the uterus are made on the inside of the
Laparoscopic hysterectomy. With this type, small cuts are made in the belly. These allow the surgeon to insert a small viewing tool (
laparoscope) and surgical tools.
The vaginal and laparoscopic techniques are sometimes
Laparoscopic surgery that is done using only one incision is called a laparoendoscopic
single-site surgery (LESS) or single-port surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is also done using robotic equipment.
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