Necrotizing enterocolitis is an infection and inflammation of a newborn's intestine. It can be mild or severe, leading to bowel obstruction and tissue
Symptoms in a newborn may include a swollen or tender belly, poor
appetite or throwing up, constipation, and dark,
black, or bloody stools. A newborn may also have a low or unstable body
temperature and not be very active or energetic.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is believed to result from a combination
of factors, including premature birth and immature immune and digestive
This condition requires treatment in the
hospital. The newborn is fed intravenously to allow time for the intestines to
heal. And antibiotics are used to prevent or treat infection. Surgery is
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kimberly Dow, MD, FRCPC - Neonatology
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