The risk factors for prediabetes are similar to those for
type 2 diabetes. Most people who get type 2 diabetes
had prediabetes first. Risk factors include:
Lack of physical activity.
If you have a parent, brother, or sister who has type 2 diabetes, you have a
greater chance of getting the disease.
Age. The risk for getting prediabetes and
type 2 diabetes increases with age. But the number of
children with type 2 diabetes is increasing. Usually, children who
get type 2 diabetes have a family history of the disease, are overweight, and
aren't physically active.
Race and ethnicity. African Americans,
Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at
higher risk than whites for type 2 diabetes.
History ofgestational diabetes. Women who
have had gestational diabetes or who have had a baby that weighed more than
9 lb (4 kg) at birth are at
higher risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.
Low birth weight. People who weighed less
than 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) at birth
are more likely to get type 2 diabetes later in
Other health problems that put you at risk for
prediabetes and type 2 diabetes include:
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a problem in
which a woman's hormones are out of balance.
Metabolic syndrome. This is a group of health problems
that includes having high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and too much fat around the waist.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerDavid C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
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