Glucagon

Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas that causes the liver to release its stored sugar into the bloodstream. Glucagon is also available as a prescription medicine that comes in prefilled vials and syringes or as a nasal spray. It works in the same way as the natural hormone.

People with diabetes or hypoglycemia sometimes develop very low blood sugar levels. If a person has a very low blood sugar level and is unconscious, or if the person cannot or will not drink or eat something containing sugar, they need glucagon.

Instructions for how to give glucagon should be kept with the medicine. The expiration date should be checked often, as most glucagon kits need to be replaced every 6 months. It should be given by someone who knows how to give it correctly. A person who is having a low blood sugar emergency can safely have more than one dose of glucagon. Make sure the person's blood sugar is checked after giving glucagon. If the person becomes more alert, carefully give a quick-sugar food or liquid.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

© 1995-2021 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.