metoclopramide (nasal)

Pronunciation: MET oh KLO pra mide

Brand: Gimoti

What is the most important information I should know about metoclopramide nasal?

High doses or long-term use of metoclopramide can cause a serious movement disorder that may not be reversible. The longer you use metoclopramide, the more likely you are to develop this disorder, especially if you are a woman or an older adult.

NEVER USE METOCLOPRAMIDE NASAL IN LARGER AMOUNTS THAN RECOMMENDED, OR FOR LONGER THAN 8 WEEKS AT A TIME.

Call your doctor at once if you have uncontrollable muscle movements in your lips, tongue, eyes, face, arms, or legs.

What is metoclopramide nasal?

Metoclopramide nasal is used in adults with diabetes to treat symptoms of slow stomach emptying (such as stomach pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting).

Metoclopramide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using metoclopramide nasal?

You should not use metoclopramide if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • tardive dyskinesia (a disorder of involuntary movements);
  • stomach or intestinal problems such as a blockage, bleeding, or perforation (a hole or tear in your stomach or intestines);
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • an adrenal gland tumor (pheochromocytoma); or
  • if you've ever had muscle movement problems after using metoclopramide or similar medicines.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • liver or kidney disease;
  • problems with muscle movements;
  • congestive heart failure or a heart rhythm disorder;
  • high blood pressure;
  • seizures;
  • breast cancer;
  • depression or mental illness; or
  • Parkinson's disease.

Also tell your doctor if you've been tested for an enzyme that helps break down certain medicines in the body, and you were told you are a poor metabolizer of CYP2D6.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. Metoclopramide may harm an unborn baby if you use the medicine during late pregnancy.

Ask a doctor if it is safe to breastfeed while using this medicine. If you are breastfeeding, tell your doctor if you notice unusual muscle movement, pale or yellowed skin, dark urine, fever, or weakness in the nursing baby.

Not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I use metoclopramide nasal?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Use the nasal spray at least 30 minutes before each meal, and at bedtime.

Metoclopramide nasal is usually prescribed for only 2 to 8 weeks at a time.

NEVER USE METOCLOPRAMIDE NASAL IN LARGER AMOUNTS THAN RECOMMENDED, OR FOR LONGER THAN 8 WEEKS. High doses or long-term use of metoclopramide can cause a serious movement disorder that may not be reversible. The longer you use metoclopramide, the more likely you are to develop this disorder, especially if you are a woman or an older adult.

Avoid using metoclopramide in all forms (nasal, oral, injection) for longer than 12 weeks.

Store at room temperature in a tightly-closed container, away from moisture and heat. Throw away the bottle 4 weeks after opening, even if there is still medicine left inside.

After you stop using metoclopramide, you may have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms such as headache, dizziness, or nervousness.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Skip the dose and use your next dose at the regular time. Do not use two doses at one time.

If you aren't sure you got a full dose while spraying the medicine into your nose, do not use a second dose. Wait until your next scheduled dose to use the medicine again.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, confusion, or uncontrolled muscle movements.

What should I avoid while using metoclopramide nasal?

Do not drink alcohol.

Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how this medicine will affect you. Your reactions could be impaired.

What are the possible side effects of metoclopramide nasal?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives, rash, blisters, mouth sores; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop taking metoclopramide and call your doctor at once if you have any of these SIGNS OF A SERIOUS MOVEMENT DISORDER, which may occur within the first 2 days of treatment:

  • tremors or shaking in your arms or legs;
  • uncontrolled muscle movements in your face (chewing, lip smacking, frowning, tongue movement, blinking or eye movement);
  • trouble breathing; or
  • any new or unusual muscle movements you cannot control.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • confusion, depression, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself;
  • slow or jerky muscle movements, problems with balance or walking;
  • mask-like appearance in your face;
  • a seizure;
  • anxiety, agitation, jittery feeling, trouble staying still, trouble sleeping;
  • swelling, feeling short of breath, rapid weight gain;
  • missed menstrual periods;
  • breast swelling, nipple discharge; or
  • severe nervous system reaction --very stiff (rigid) muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, feeling like you might pass out.

Common side effects may include:

  • unpleasant taste;
  • feeling tired; or
  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect metoclopramide nasal?

Using metoclopramide nasal with other drugs that make you drowsy can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before using opioid medication, a sleeping pill, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety or seizures.

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines. Many drugs can affect metoclopramide, especially:

  • blood pressure medication;
  • insulin;
  • medicine to treat depression or mental illness;
  • medicine to treat Parkinson's disease or restless leg syndrome; or
  • an MAO inhibitor --isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, tranylcypromine, and others.

This list is not complete and many other drugs may affect metoclopramide nasal. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about metoclopramide.

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