pilocarpine (oral)

Pronunciation: PYE loe KAR peen

Brand: Salagen

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 1 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with SAL, 5

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 1 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 2 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

7.5 mg, round, blue, imprinted with SAL, 7.5

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 2 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 3 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with LAN, 1313

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 3 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 4 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

7.5 mg, round, blue, imprinted with LCI, 1407

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 4 of 10

Salagen

slide 5 of 10, Salagen,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with SAL, 5

Image of Salagen
slide 5 of 10

Salagen

slide 6 of 10, Salagen,

7.5 mg, round, blue, imprinted with SAL, 7.5

Image of Salagen
slide 6 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 7 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with G, 592

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 7 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 8 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with 54 647

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 8 of 10

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

slide 9 of 10, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride,

7.5 mg, round, blue, imprinted with G, 591

Image of Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
slide 9 of 10

Salagen

slide 10 of 10, Salagen,

5 mg, round, white, imprinted with MGI, 705

Image of Salagen
slide 10 of 10

What is the most important information I should know about pilocarpine?

You should not use pilocarpine if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, or asthma that is untreated or uncontrolled.

What is pilocarpine?

Pilocarpine affects the nervous system and increases saliva secretion in the mouth.

Pilocarpine is used to treat dry mouth caused by Sjogren's syndrome, or by radiation to treat head and neck cancer.

Pilocarpine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking pilocarpine?

You should not use pilocarpine if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • untreated or uncontrolled asthma; or
  • narrow-angle glaucoma.

To make sure pilocarpine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or other breathing disorder;
  • glaucoma or vision problems;
  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • heart disease;
  • gallbladder problems;
  • mental illness;
  • if you take heart or blood pressure medicine; or
  • if you use a bronchodilator to treat a breathing disorder.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether pilocarpine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.

It is not known whether pilocarpine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.

How should I take pilocarpine?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

You may take pilocarpine with or without food.

Drink plenty of liquids while you are taking pilocarpine. This medicine can cause increased sweating and you may get dehydrated easily.

Use pilocarpine regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of pilocarpine can be fatal at very high doses.

What should I avoid while taking pilocarpine?

This medicine may cause blurred vision, especially at night or in low light. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Avoid becoming overheated during exercise and in hot weather. Pilocarpine can increase sweating and you may be more prone to dehydration.

What are the possible side effects of pilocarpine?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using pilocarpine and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • shortness of breath;
  • fast or slow heart rate;
  • severe headache, pounding in your neck or ears;
  • confusion, tremors; or
  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out.

Common side effects may include:

  • increased sweating, urinating more than usual;
  • chills, or flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling);
  • headache, dizziness, weakness;
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
  • blurred vision, watery eyes; or
  • runny nose.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect pilocarpine?

Other drugs may interact with pilocarpine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about pilocarpine.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.