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Disease and Injury Prevention

Learn about disease and injury prevention

Knowing how to take care of yourself is the key to living longer and better. Our Learning Center has hundreds of topics to answer your questions. From bath safety and food poisoning to rattlesnake bites and car seats for children, the information is here. Do you want to know about immunizations? Are you wondering if you should have a cholesterol test? We can help.

Get the information you need in topics such as:

  • Health Screening: Finding Health Problems Early.
  • Interactive Tool: Is Your BMI Increasing Your Health Risks?
  • Dental Care: Brushing and Flossing Your Teeth.
  • Should I Get a Flu Vaccine?
  • Should I Have Allergy Shots for Allergies to Insect Stings?
Health Topics
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening
  • Abnormal Pap Test
  • Abuse: Signs of Abuse-Related Injuries
  • Accidental Needle Sticks
  • Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy
  • Adult Immunization Schedule
  • Alcohol and Drugs: When to Get Help for an Intoxicated Person
  • Alcohol Increases the Risk of Cold Injury
  • Antibiotics
  • Antioxidants
  • Ashkenazi Jewish Genetic Panel (AJGP)
  • Aspirin to Prevent Heart Attack and Stroke
  • Assistive Devices and Orthotics
  • Autism and Vaccines
  • Avoiding Infections in the Hospital
  • Avoiding Mercury in Fish
  • Baby's Sleep Position and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Basic Dental Care
  • Blood and Body Fluid Precautions
  • Blood Pressure Screening
  • Blood Thinners: Signs of Abnormal Bleeding
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Body Mechanics
  • Breast Cancer Screening
  • Breast Cancer: Lymph Node Surgery for Staging Cancer
  • Brushing and Flossing a Child's Teeth
  • Burns and Electric Shock
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Protecting Your Home
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation: Exercise
  • Caregiving: Foot and Toenail Care
  • Caregiving: How to Help With a Sink Bath
  • Caregiving: How to Turn Someone in Bed
  • Caregiving: Making a Home Safe
  • Caregiving: Preventing Rashes in the Groin Area
  • Caregiving: Reducing Germs and Infection in the Home
  • Caregiving: Skin Care for Immobile Adults
  • Caregiving: Using Disposable Gloves
  • Caregiving: Washing Soiled Clothes and Linens
  • Caring for Your Skin When You Have Diabetes
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Safe Posture and Movements
  • Cervical Cancer Screening
  • Cervical Cell Changes on a Pap Test
  • Checklist for Preventing Falls at Home
  • Child Car Seats
  • Child Safety: Air Pollution
  • Child Safety: Bathing
  • Child Safety: Bicycles and Tricycles
  • Child Safety: Drowning Prevention in Pools and Hot Tubs
  • Child Safety: Fires
  • Child Safety: Guns and Firearms
  • Child Safety: Pets
  • Child Safety: Preventing Burns
  • Child Safety: Preventing Child Abduction
  • Child Safety: Preventing Drowning
  • Child Safety: Preventing Falls
  • Child Safety: Streets and Motor Vehicles
  • Child Safety: Strollers and Shopping Carts
  • Child Safety: Washing Toys to Prevent Germs
  • Childbirth: Strep Infections During Delivery
  • Childhood Immunization Record
  • Childhood Immunization Schedule: Ages 0 to 6 Years
  • Childhood Immunization Schedule: Ages 7 to 18 Years
  • Chili Pepper Burns
  • Choking Prevention in Small Children
  • Cholera Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Medicines to Be Careful With
  • Cold Exposure: Emergency Equipment
  • Cold Exposure: Ways the Body Loses Heat
  • Cold Exposure: What Increases Your Risk of Injury?
  • Cold Temperature Exposure
  • Colon Cancer Genetic Testing
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening
  • Common Questions About Giving Yourself Shots
  • Controlling Dust, Dust Mites, and Other Allergens in Your Home
  • Controlling Indoor Mold
  • Controlling Pet Allergens
  • COVID-19: Advice if You're Planning a Pregnancy, Pregnant, Recently Pregnant, or Breastfeeding
  • Creating a Healthy Schedule When Working From Home
  • Crib Safety
  • Deciding to Get the COVID-19 Vaccine
  • Dehydration
  • Dengue Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Dental Care: 6 Years to 16 Years
  • Depression Screening
  • Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care
  • Diabetes: Checking Your Feet
  • Diabetes: How to Prepare for a Colonoscopy
  • Diabetes: Protecting Your Feet
  • Diabetes: Steps for Foot-Washing
  • Domestic Violence: Checklist of Things to Take When You Leave
  • Domestic Violence: Getting a Protective Order
  • DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Ebola or Marburg Virus Infection
  • Effects of Diethylstilbestrol (DES) Exposure
  • Elbow Bursitis and Tendon Injury: Preventing Pain
  • Emergency First Aid for Heatstroke
  • Fetal Monitoring During Labor
  • Finding Good Footwear
  • Flu Vaccine Myths
  • Fluoride During Childhood
  • Food Poisoning and Safe Food Handling
  • Food Poisoning During Pregnancy
  • Food Poisoning: Clostridium Perfringens
  • Food Poisoning: Toxoplasmosis
  • Food Poisoning: Vibrio Vulnificus
  • Food Safety: Cooking
  • Food Safety: Following the Package Instructions
  • Food Safety: Preparing
  • Food Safety: Serving
  • Food Safety: Storing
  • Food Safety: Tips for Grocery Shopping
  • Genetics
  • Giardiasis
  • Glaucoma Screening
  • Guidelines for Lung Cancer Screening
  • Gum Disease
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Hand-Washing
  • Headache Prevention: Posture and Body Mechanics
  • Health and Safety, Ages 2 to 5 Years
  • Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years
  • Health Screening: Finding Health Problems Early
  • Healthwise Self-Care Checklist
  • Healthy Aging
  • Healthy Habits to Prevent Osteoporosis
  • Hearing Protectors
  • Heart Attack and Stroke Risk Screening
  • Heat Waves
  • Heat-Related Illnesses
  • Heatstroke Prevention: Acclimating to the Heat
  • Heatstroke Prevention: What to Wear
  • Heel Bursitis or Tendon Injury: Preventing Pain
  • Heimlich Maneuver for Adults and Children Older Than 1 Year
  • Helping a Person During a Seizure
  • Helping Children During Immunizations
  • Helping Your Child Who Is Overweight
  • Helping Your Teen Become a Safe Driver
  • Hemochromatosis Genetic Screening
  • Hepatitis A Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • High Blood Pressure: Over-the-Counter Medicines to Avoid
  • Hip Bursitis or Tendon Injury: Preventing Pain
  • HIV: Preventing Infections
  • HIV: Preventing Other Infections When You Have HIV
  • HIV: Tips for Caregivers to Avoid Infection
  • Hospital Isolation Rooms
  • How Hospitals and Clinics Keep You Safe During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • How to Get Up Safely After a Fall
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Immunization Schedules
  • Immunizations
  • Immunizations and Pregnancy
  • Immunizations for Premature Infants
  • Immunotherapy for Allergies to Insect Stings
  • Importance of Immunizations
  • Indoor Tanning: Is It Safe?
  • Influenza (Flu) Vaccine (Inactivated or Recombinant): What You Need to Know
  • Influenza (Flu) Vaccine (Live, Intranasal): What You Need to Know
  • Insect Repellents
  • Interactive Tool: Do Your BMI and Waist Size Increase Your Health Risks?
  • Interactive Tool: How Does Smoking Affect Your Lifespan?
  • Interactive Tool: How Much Is Smoking Costing You?
  • Interactive Tool: What Is Your Stress Level?
  • Interactive Tool: Which Health Screenings Do You Need?
  • Interactive Tools
  • Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Knee Bursitis and Tendon Injury: Preventing Pain
  • Lead Poisoning
  • Lead Poisoning Screening
  • Lifestyle Changes That May Help Prevent Cancer
  • Listeriosis
  • Live Zoster (Shingles) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Log Roll Method for Safe Movement
  • Low-Vision Accommodations in Your Home
  • Making a Plan to Cut Back on Alcohol Use
  • Making It Easier to Wear a Mask During COVID-19
  • Manage Stress for Your Heart
  • Marine Toxins
  • Master List of Medicines
  • Meningococcal ACWY Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Meningococcal B Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • MMR Vaccine (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella): What You Need to Know
  • MMRV Vaccine (Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella): What You Need to Know
  • Mobility Problems: Getting In and Out of a Car Safely
  • Mouth Guard
  • Noroviruses (Norwalk Viruses)
  • Office Ergonomics
  • Oral Rehydration Solutions for Children
  • Osteoporosis Screening
  • Overtraining
  • Pediatric Preparation for Medical Tests
  • Physical Activity Helps Prevent a Heart Attack and Stroke
  • Playground Safety
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Poison Ivy, Oak, or Sumac: Rash From Indirect Contact
  • Poison Ivy, Oak, or Sumac: Tips for Washing
  • Poisoning
  • Polio Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Posture: Standing and Walking
  • Pregnancy: Chemicals, Cosmetics, and Radiation
  • Pregnancy: Hot Tub and Sauna Use
  • Premature Infant: Safe Travel With Your Baby
  • Prevent Medical Errors
  • Preventing ACL Injuries
  • Preventing Bee Stings
  • Preventing Blisters
  • Preventing Children's Injuries From Sports and Other Activities
  • Preventing Choking
  • Preventing Falls in Older Adults
  • Preventing Falls in Older Adults Who Take High-Risk Medicines
  • Preventing Falls in the Hospital
  • Preventing Falls: Exercises for Strength and Balance
  • Preventing Flea Bites
  • Preventing Foot Cramps
  • Preventing Insect Stings
  • Preventing Poisoning in Young Children
  • Preventing Spider Bites
  • Preventing Tetanus Infections
  • Proper Back Posture (Neutral Spine)
  • Proper Sitting for a Healthy Back
  • Prostate Cancer Screening
  • Protect Yourself From Hepatitis A When Traveling
  • Protecting Your Child From Infections
  • Protecting Your Skin From the Sun
  • Pseudomonas Infection
  • Puncture Wounds
  • Purifying Your Drinking Water
  • Quick Tips: Babyproofing Your Home
  • Quick Tips: Modifying Your Home and Work Area When You Have Arthritis
  • Quick Tips: Safely Giving Over-the-Counter Medicines to Children
  • Quick Tips: Staying Active in Cold Weather
  • Quick Tips: Staying Active in Hot Weather
  • Quick Tips: Taking Medicines Wisely
  • Quick Tips: Using Backpacks Safely
  • Quitting Smoking
  • Rabies
  • Rabies Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Radiation Exposure: Risks and Health Effects
  • Radon
  • Recombinant Zoster (Shingles) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Returning to Play After a Head Injury During a Sporting Event
  • Roomy Shoes
  • Rotavirus Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Rubella (German Measles)
  • Safe Hand and Wrist Movements
  • Safer Sex
  • Salmonellosis
  • Screening for Gestational Diabetes
  • Screening for Hearing Problems
  • Screening for Weight Problems
  • Sexually Transmitted Infection Screening
  • Shigellosis
  • Shoulder Bursitis and Tendon Injury: Preventing Pain
  • Skin Cancer Screening
  • Smoking: Health Risk for Family Members
  • Smoking: Problems With Pregnancy
  • Snake Antivenom
  • Spinal Cord Injury: Safe Transfers To or From a Wheelchair
  • Sports-Related Dehydration
  • Staph Food Poisoning
  • Staying Healthy Around Animals
  • Staying Safe When You Take Several Medicines
  • Stroke: Preventing Injury in Affected Limbs
  • Sun Protection to Prevent Sunburn
  • Sunburn
  • Sunburn: Skin Types
  • Swallowed or Inhaled Objects
  • Taking Care of Yourself When Your Child Is Sick
  • Tattoo and Piercing Safety
  • Td (Tetanus, Diphtheria) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Teen Smokers: Reasons to Quit
  • Temporomandibular Disorders: Having Good Body Mechanics
  • Terrorism and Other Public Health Threats
  • Testicular Cancer Screening
  • Tetanus
  • Thinking About Child Safety
  • Thyroid Screening Recommendations
  • Ticks: How to Avoid and Remove Ticks
  • Tips for Reducing Indoor Pollutants in Your Home
  • Travel Health
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Screening
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Adults
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children
  • Typhoid Vaccines: What You Need to Know
  • Ultraviolet Rays From the Sun
  • Understanding Virtual Care (Telemedicine)
  • Using a Cane
  • Using a Walker
  • Using Crutches
  • Vaccine Information Statements
  • Vaccine Safety
  • Vaccines to Prevent the Flu
  • Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Vertigo: Level 1 (Easy) Balance Exercises
  • Vertigo: Level 2 (Harder) Balance Exercises
  • Vertigo: Staying Safe When You Have Balance Problems
  • Vertigo: Walking Exercises
  • Virtual Colonoscopy
  • Vision Screening and Eye Exams for Adults
  • Vision Screening and Eye Exams for Children and Teens
  • Warning Signs of Suicide
  • Warning Signs of Suicide in Adults
  • Warning Signs of Suicide in Children and Teens
  • Warning Signs of Suicide in Older Adults
  • Ways HIV Cannot Be Spread
  • Wear Proper Clothing to Prevent Cold Injury
  • Weight and Coronary Artery Disease
  • Weight-Bearing Exercises to Maintain Healthy Bones
  • Well-Child Visits
  • Yellow Fever Vaccine: What You Need to Know
  • Your Child's First Vaccines: What You Need to Know
Medical Tests
  • Allen Test
  • Antibiotic Sensitivity Test
  • Bone Density
  • Breast Exam
  • Breast Self-Examination
  • Breast Ultrasound
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colposcopy
  • Digital Rectal Examination
  • Endometrial Biopsy
  • Genetic Testing and Screening
  • Gonioscopy
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test of the Cervix
  • Lung Cancer Screening: Low-Dose Spiral CT Scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Breast
  • Mammogram
  • Pap Test
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU) Test
  • Rubella Test
  • Sigmoidoscopy (Anoscopy, Proctoscopy)
  • Stool Tests for Colorectal Cancer
  • Testicular Examination and Testicular Self-Examination
  • Ultrasound
  • Vitamin D Test
Make a Wise Decision
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Should I Get a Screening Test?
  • Blood Transfusions: Should I Bank Blood Before Surgery?
  • Breast Cancer Risk: Should I Have a BRCA Gene Test?
  • Breast Cancer Screening and Dense Breasts: What Are My Options?
  • Breast Cancer Screening: When Should I Start Having Mammograms?
  • Colorectal Cancer: Which Screening Test Should I Have?
  • Coronary Artery Disease: Should I Have an Angiogram?
  • Coronary Calcium Scan: Should I Have This Test?
  • Flu Vaccines: Should I Get a Flu Vaccine?
  • Health Screenings: Should I Buy Commercial Tests?
  • Healthy Aging: Is It Time to Stop Driving?
  • Hepatitis B: Should I Be Tested?
  • HPV: Should I Get the Vaccine?
  • HPV: Should My Child Get the Vaccine?
  • Lung Cancer: Should I Have Screening?
  • Osteoporosis: Should I Have a Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Test?
  • Prediabetes: Which Treatment Should I Use to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?
  • Prostate Cancer Screening: Should I Have a PSA Test?
  • Shingles: Should I Get a Vaccine to Prevent Shingles?
Take Action
  • Aging Well: Making Your Home Fall-Proof
  • Asthma: Identifying Your Triggers
  • Back Problems: Proper Lifting
  • Bowel Disease: Caring for Your Ostomy
  • Dental Care: Brushing and Flossing Your Teeth
  • Diabetes in Children: Preparing a Care Plan for School
  • Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar
  • Diabetes: Taking Care of Your Feet
  • Fitness: Increasing Core Stability
  • Heart Failure: Avoiding Medicines That Make Symptoms Worse
  • Hepatitis B: How to Avoid Spreading the Virus
  • Managing Job Stress
  • Skin Cancer: Protecting Your Skin
  • Vertigo: Balance Exercises
  • Vision Problems: Living With Poor Eyesight
  • Wrist Care: Preventing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

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Individual and family medical and dental insurance plans are insured by Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company (CHLIC), Cigna HealthCare of Arizona, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of Illinois, Inc., and Cigna HealthCare of North Carolina, Inc. Group health insurance and health benefit plans are insured or administered by CHLIC, Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (CGLIC), or their affiliates (see a listing of the legal entities  that insure or administer group HMO, dental HMO, and other products or services in your state). Accidental Injury, Critical Illness, and Hospital Care plans or insurance policies are distributed exclusively by or through operating subsidiaries of Cigna Corporation, are administered by Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company, and are insured by either (i) Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company (Bloomfield, CT); (ii) Life Insurance Company of North America (“LINA”) (Philadelphia, PA); or (iii) New York Life Group Insurance Company of NY (“NYLGICNY”) (New York, NY), formerly known as Cigna Life Insurance Company of New York. The Cigna name, logo, and other Cigna marks are owned by Cigna Intellectual Property, Inc. LINA and NYLGICNY are not affiliates of Cigna.

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