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Home Knowledge Center Wellness Library dextromethorphan and phenylephrine

dextromethorphan and phenylephrine

Pronunciation: DEX troe me THOR fan and FEN il EFF rin

Brand: Children's Triacting Daytime, PediaCare Children's Multi-Symptom Cold, Safetussin CD, Sudafed PE Children's Cold & Cough, Triaminic Day Time Cold & Cough

What is the most important information I should know about dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What is the most important information I should know about dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

Do not use dextromethorphan and phenylephrine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.

What is dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What is dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant. It affects the signals in the brain that trigger cough reflex.

Phenylephrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion (stuffy nose).

Dextromethorphan and phenylephrine is a combination medicine used to treat cough, stuffy nose, and sinus congestion caused by allergies, the common cold, or the flu.

This medicine will not treat a cough that is caused by smoking, asthma, or emphysema.

Dextromethorphan and phenylephrine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to dextromethorphan or phenylephrine.

Do not use dextromethorphan and phenylephrine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you have:

  • high blood pressure;
  • coronary artery disease (hardened arteries),
  • diabetes;
  • glaucoma;
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • enlarged prostate or urination problems;
  • pheochromocytoma (an adrenal gland tumor); or
  • cough with mucus, or cough caused by emphysema or chronic bronchitis.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether dextromethorphan and phenylephrine will harm an unborn baby. Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are pregnant.

Dextromethorphan and phenylephrine may pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Decongestants may also slow breast milk production. Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Artificially sweetened cold medicine may contain phenylalanine. If you have phenylketonuria (PKU), check the medication label to see if the product contains phenylalanine.

How should I take dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

How should I take dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. This medicine is usually taken only for a short time until your symptoms clear up.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 7 days of treatment, or if you have a fever with a headache, cough, or skin rash.

Do not give this medication to a child younger than 4 years old. Always ask a doctor before giving a cough or cold medicine to a child. Death can occur from the misuse of cough and cold medicines in very young children.

Measure liquid medicine with a special dose measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

If you need surgery or medical tests, tell the surgeon or doctor ahead of time if you have taken this medicine within the past few days.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not allow liquid medicine to freeze.

What happens if I miss a dose?

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since this medicine is taken when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are taking the medication regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What should I avoid while taking dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

This medicine may cause blurred vision or impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert and able to see clearly.

Drinking alcohol can increase certain side effects of dextromethorphan and phenylephrine.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using any other cold, cough, or allergy medication. Dextromethorphan and phenylephrine are contained in many combination medicines. Taking certain products together can cause you to get too much of a certain drug. Check the label to see if a medicine contains a decongestant or cough suppressant.

What are the possible side effects of dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What are the possible side effects of dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using dextromethorphan and phenylephrine and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • fast or uneven heart rate;
  • severe dizziness or anxiety, feeling like you might pass out;
  • severe headache;
  • mood changes;
  • fever; or
  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, chest pain, uneven heartbeats, seizure).

Common side effects may include:

  • diarrhea;
  • dizziness, drowsiness;
  • sleep problems (insomnia); or
  • feeling nervous, restless, or irritable.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

What other drugs will affect dextromethorphan and phenylephrine?

Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using this medicine if you are also using any other drugs, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Some medicines can cause unwanted or dangerous effects when used together. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Taking this medicine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can worsen these effects. Ask your doctor before taking dextromethorphan and phenylephrine with a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Where can I get more information?

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about dextromethorphan and phenylephrine.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

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