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physostigmine

Pronunciation: FYE so STIG meen

Brand: Antilirium

What is the most important information I should know about physostigmine?

What is the most important information I should know about physostigmine?

In an emergency situation it may not be possible to tell your caregivers about your health conditions. Make sure any doctor caring for you afterward knows you have received this medicine.

What is physostigmine?

What is physostigmine?

Physostigmine affects chemicals in the body that control the signals sent from the nervous system to the muscles to activate muscle movement.

Physostigmine is used to reverse the effects of certain drugs or substances that interfere with this nerve-muscle communication. Such substances include atropine, scopolamine, belladonna, antihistamines, some antidepressants, and other anticholinergic (AN tye KOE lin ER jik) drugs.

Physostigmine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving physostigmine?

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving physostigmine?

You should not be treated with physostigmine if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • asthma;
  • diabetes;
  • bladder obstruction or other urination problems;
  • a blockage in your digestive tract (stomach or intestines);
  • heart disease; or
  • gangrene (damaged skin and muscle tissue caused by infection or lack of blood supply).

If possible before you receive physostigmine, tell your doctor if:

  • you have a sulfite allergy;
  • you have recently taken Ultracet (acetaminophen with tramadol); or
  • you regularly take bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban, Aplenzin, Forfivo, and others).

In an emergency situation it may not be possible to tell your caregivers if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Make sure any doctor caring for your pregnancy or your baby knows you have received this medicine.

How is physostigmine given?

How is physostigmine given?

Physostigmine is injected into a muscle or into a vein through an IV. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.

When injected into a vein, physostigmine must be given slowly.

Your breathing, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and other vital signs will be watched closely while you are receiving physostigmine.

You may need repeat doses of this medicine, depending on how your body responds to it. Your doctor will determine how long to treat you with physostigmine.

What happens if I miss a dose?

What happens if I miss a dose?

Because you will receive physostigmine in a clinical setting, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

What happens if I overdose?

Since this medicine is given by a healthcare professional in a medical setting, an overdose is unlikely to occur.

What should I avoid after receiving physostigmine?

What should I avoid after receiving physostigmine?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

What are the possible side effects of physostigmine?

What are the possible side effects of physostigmine?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Tell your caregivers right away if you have:

  • increased urination or bowel movements;
  • stomach cramps;
  • severe or worsening nausea or vomiting;
  • increased sweating;
  • blurred vision; or
  • excessive saliva in your mouth.

Common side effects may include:

  • nausea, vomiting;
  • increased salivation; or
  • slow heartbeats.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect physostigmine?

What other drugs will affect physostigmine?

Other drugs may interact with physostigmine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Where can I get more information?

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor can provide more information about physostigmine.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

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