Alcohol and Substance Use Disorder: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatments
Alcohol and substance use disorders can have a serious effect on your whole life. It can affect your own health and well-being. It can also harm your family and friends.
Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) and substance use disorder (drug dependence) are diseases. There are four alcohol and substance use disorder symptoms:
- Craving: A strong need, or compulsion, to drink or use drugs.
- Loss of control: Being unable to limit your drinking or drug use.
- Physical dependence: Withdrawal symptoms can happen when you stop drinking or using drugs. These symptoms can include nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety.
- Tolerance: The need to use more and more alcohol or drugs in order to get drunk or high.
Warning Signs of Alcoholism and Substance Use Disorders
If you answer yes to any of these questions, you may have a problem:
- Do you drink alone or use drugs or alcohol when you feel angry?
- Do you drink alone or use drugs or alcohol when you feel sad?
- Does your drinking or drug use ever make you late for work?
- Does your drinking or drug use worry your family?
- Do you ever drink or use drugs after telling yourself you won’t?
- Do you ever forget what you did while drinking or using drugs?
If you answered yes, contact a
Treatments for Alcohol and Substance Use
With the right treatment, most people can stop drinking and abusing drugs. This gives them the chance to rebuild their lives.
Treatment may include:
- Going to drug counseling and group meetings.
- Avoiding the people, places, and situations that get you into trouble.
- Working with your counselor to show that you're really trying to change your life.
- Working with your doctor to see if anti-craving medications can help.
- Learning things such as anger management and job skills to have more choices in life.
Get more helpful information on alcohol use from the
This material is provided by Cigna HealthcareSM for informational/educational purposes only. It is not medical/clinical advice. Only a health care provider can make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment plan. For more information about your behavioral health benefits, you can call the member services or behavioral health telephone number listed on your health care ID card.
I want to...
Secure Member Sites
The Cigna Group Information
Individual and family medical and dental insurance plans are insured by Cigna Health and Life Insurance Company (CHLIC), Cigna HealthCare of Arizona, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of Illinois, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of Georgia, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of North Carolina, Inc., Cigna HealthCare of South Carolina, Inc., and Cigna HealthCare of Texas, Inc. Group health insurance and health benefit plans are insured or administered by CHLIC, Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (CGLIC), or their affiliates (see
All insurance policies and group benefit plans contain exclusions and limitations. For availability, costs and complete details of coverage, contact a licensed agent or Cigna sales representative. This website is not intended for residents of New Mexico.